**- is an equivalent fraction out of 100, per(out of) cent(100)**

__PERCENT MEANS__Here how we find the percent:

Example:

There are 40 apples, the 100% of apples in 40/40

10%

50%

25%

1%

10 % means- 10 out of 100- divide 100 percent to 10 which gives you 10 and divide the 40 apples to 10 which gives you the answer of 4. (4 out of 40 or 10 out of 100)

50% means- half, part/whole, 20 out of 40 or 50 out of 100 - dived the 100 percent to 2 which gives you 50 and you also need to divide 40 apples to 2 which gives you 20. (20 out of 40 or 50 out of 100)

25% means- quarter out of 100- divide 100 percent to 4 gives you 25 and divide 40 apples to 4 gives you 10. (10 out of 40 or 25 out of 100)

1% means- 1 out of 100- divide 100 percent to 1 gives you the answer of 1 and divide 40 apples gives you the answer of 0.4. (0.4 out of 40 or 1 out of 100)

__REPRESENTING PERCENTS:__A.180%

B. 0.6%

C. 12 3/8

__CONVERTING PERCENTS:__

**Fraction to Decimal and Percent:**

171/300: 171/300= 0.57/1 x 100= 57/100= 57%

**Decimal to Percent and Fraction:**

5.98: 5.98/1 x 100= 598/100= 598%= 598/100

**Percent to Decimal and Fraction:**

750%: 750%/100= 7.5/1= 7 and 5/10= 7 and 1/2

__PERCENT OF A NUMBER:__

__20% of 60__

20/100=0.2

0.2 x 60=12

**Calculation:**

20 x 60=1200

1200/100=12

**250% of 400**

25/100=2.5

2.5 x 100=1000

**Calculation:**

250 x 400=1000000

1000000/100=1000

**0.1% of 40**

0.1/100=0.001

0.001 x 40=0.004

**Calculation:**

o.1 x 40=4

4/100=0.004

**COMBINING PERCENTS:**

**Question 7 page 149:**

A herd of caribou was moved to a new location. The population increased by 10% first year and then increased by 20% second year.

**First year:**

caribou= 10%

10% + 100= 110

110/10= 1.1

1.1 x 100= 110

**Second year:**

caribou= 20%

20% + 100= 120

120/100= 1.2

1.2 x 100= 132

explain why there are not 30 % increase in population over the two years?

30% was not used because 100% had change. in the first year the total of caribou was 10%, but in the second year it increased 20%, so we need to make another solution. but the total wasn't 100 anymore it change to 110.

**SHOW YOU KNOW**

**Store A: Price 100**

100 + 25%= 125

25/100= 0.25

0.25 x 125= 31.25

Store B; Price 100

100 + 50%= 150

50/100= 0.5

0.5 x 150= 75

Store A is best to buy than Store B

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